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   The Peru-Texas Connection
  Lima "The City of The Kings"

  Lima
 
    This is the page about Lima, the capitol of Peru, called "The City of The Kings" Lima: city in west central Peru, capital of the country and of Lima Department, located on the Rímac River between the Pacific Ocean and Andes Mountains, in Peru's arid coastal region. The country's largest city.

Municipalidad de Lima

Climate: It is temperate despite the tropical location, with temperatures moderated by the cold Peruvian (Humboldt) Current offshore and fogs (garúa) that blanket the coastal region during the colder months of May to October.

Landmarks: in downtown Lima include the large Plaza de Armas, the nearby cathedral (begun 1746), The Presidential Palace, which is guarded by The Junin's Husares. Several 16th- and 17th-century religious structures like San Francisco de Asis Church that survived a damaging earthquake in 1746. The Acho Bullring Plaza (1764, restored 1945) is located north of the Rímac River, in suburban Rímac. The National University of San Marcos (1551), the National Agrarian University (1902), the National University of Engineering (1896), and other major universities are within the metropolitan area. Also of interest are museums of art, history, archaeology, and philately. Another interesting colonial building located in downtown, just across San Francisco de Asis church is "La casa de Pilatos". It is the oldest building in Lima and it is very well kept. Currently the Tribunal Constitucional operates in this building. To visit it call previously for reservations at Casa de Pilatos

Transportation:

Taxis: In Lima there are everywhere and are affordable. There are not meters so bargain the fares. For ten soles (about three dollars) you can go very far.

Combis: Another way of transportation. Fifty cents of a dollar (one sol and fifty cents) can take you for example from Cieneguilla to la Perla (Port of Callao) in Lima.

Moto Taxis: Another alternative in some suburbs like San Miguel and Cieneguilla.

Airlines:

Continental flies directly to Lima from Houston, Texas, every day. Other Airlines fly from Miami.

Callao, Peru's chief port, is about 13 km (about 8 mi) to the west. Other major suburbs include the residential sections of San Isidro, Monterrico, Jesús María, San Borja, and the famous beach resorts of Miraflores and Barranco. Huge barriades ("shantytowns"), also called pueblos jóvenes ("young towns"), have emerged on the outskirts of the region. Oil drums, cardboard, and other crude materials house the fast-growing population of impoverished job seekers from rural Peru who inhabit these towns.

Lima was founded in 1535 by Spanish conquistadores (including Francisco Pizarro now a controversial figure) and was originally named Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings). Lima replaced Cuzco as Spain's viceregal capital of colonial Peru, and it quickly became Spain's largest and wealthiest settlement in the New World. Lima became the capital of Peru after the country became completely independent in 1826. In 1879 during the War of the Pacific with Chile, Lima was looted and occupied from 1881 to 1883 by Chilean forces. The suburb of Chorrillos was burnt by Chileans. Rapid industrialization after 1940 was accompanied by a great increase in the city's population.

Additional Images from Lima and suburbs:

Green Costanera in Miraflores

Parque Las Leyendas (Three Peruvians regions in one place)



  Lima and its slopes

SPANISH Version

Versión en Español


Maps, Songs

Maps, songs and more photos.

 
statistics

Created on June 27, 1999
Updated on April 25, 2005



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OTHER PLACES TO VISIT IN LIMA


OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES FROM PERU