Texto en Español
Symbols: Historians said that José San Martín,
when he was in Paracas in 1821 saw a bird with red and white colors. Then
he decided to use these colors for the flag. Later on partisans in the early
19th century adopted a red-white-red flag resembling that of Spain, but
they soon made its stripes vertical. In 1825 the current design was
The shield or coat of arms includes figures symbolic of national
wealth-the vicuña (a relative of the alpaca), a cinchona tree,
(a source of the quinine,) and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins,
all framed by a green wreath.
Perú has 24 departments (departamentos)
and one constitutional province (provincia constitucional)
are: Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco,
Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto,
Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes,
and Ucayali. The constitutional province is Callao, which is also the
most important sea port and it is located west of the City of Lima.
Many of the main festivals favor the Roman Catholic liturgical calendar.
These are often celebrated with great pageantry, especially in highland
Indian villages, where the Catholic feast day is usually linked with a
traditional agricultural festival.
Some of the major events which vary depending of the location include:
Carnaval (February-March), which is particularly popular in the highlands
and features numerous water fights and parties.
Inti Raymi (24 June), the greatest of the Inca festivals with spectacular
dances and parades (in Cuzco).
Peru's Independence (28 July) which is
celebrated two days (28 and 29 July) with military and school parades.
All Souls Day (2 November), celebrated with gifts of food, drink and
flowers which are taken to family graves.
Current population is estimated on 25,232,000 inhabitants approximately.
The grown rate is 430,000 people every year.
Break down by sex:
Population of Peru live
Metropolitan Lima and other places
Break down by city (thousands)
Population lives basically in the coast of the country and Lima.
Projections from 1999 to 2025 from 25.2 millions to
1998 .... 8%.
Infant mortality has dropped from 118 in 1970 to 44 in
1998. 118 children per 1000 born.
28,893 millions of dollars.