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More Peru (Part II)

English narration

En Español Texto en Español


Red for the blood shed by our heroes. White because our snowy mountains

Peru:

Symbols: Historians said that José San Martín, when he was in Paracas in 1821 saw a bird with red and white colors. Then he decided to use these colors for the flag. Later on partisans in the early 19th century adopted a red-white-red flag resembling that of Spain, but they soon made its stripes vertical. In 1825 the current design was established.

Coat of Arms

The shield or coat of arms includes figures symbolic of national wealth-the vicuña (a relative of the alpaca), a cinchona tree, (a source of the quinine,) and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath.

Political divisions: Perú has 24 departments (departamentos) and one constitutional province (provincia constitucional)

Peru's political Map The departments are: Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, and Ucayali. The constitutional province is Callao, which is also the most important sea port and it is located west of the City of Lima.

Important events: Many of the main festivals favor the Roman Catholic liturgical calendar. These are often celebrated with great pageantry, especially in highland Indian villages, where the Catholic feast day is usually linked with a traditional agricultural festival. Some of the major events which vary depending of the location include:

Carnaval (February-March), which is particularly popular in the highlands and features numerous water fights and parties.

Inti Raymi (24 June), the greatest of the Inca festivals with spectacular dances and parades (in Cuzco).

Peru's Independence (28 July) which is celebrated two days (28 and 29 July) with military and school parades.

All Souls Day (2 November), celebrated with gifts of food, drink and flowers which are taken to family graves.

Statistics:

Demographic index:
Current population is estimated on 25,232,000 inhabitants approximately. The grown rate is 430,000 people every year.
Birth rate per year
Mortality
Net growth
609,800
159,900
431,400

Break down by sex:
Men
Women
49.6%
50.4%

Comparing with Latin America.
Men
Women
49.9%
50.1%

There is a balance between females and males.

Age structure:
0-14
15-64
65 and more
33.9%
61.4%
4.7%
school age
working age
retired people

Consequently Peru is a young country.

Concentration:
Population of Peru live
71.9%
28.1%
urban area
rural area

Metropolitan Lima and other places
Metropolitan Lima
Other important cities
Rural areas
Urban areas
29.1%
22.0%
28.1%
20.8%

Break down by city (thousands)
Metropolitan Lima
Arequipa
Trujillo
Chiclayo
Iquitos
Piura
Chimbote
Huancayo
Cuzco
7,060
696.9
571.3
469.2
324.0
302.6
298.8
294.7
278.8

Density:
Inhabitants /km2
Inhabitants/square mile

Coast
Mountain
Jungle
Metropolitan Lima
Peru
97
23
3
2614
20
248
59
7.7
6691
51

Population lives basically in the coast of the country and Lima.

Projections from 1999 to 2025 from 25.2 millions to
38.6 millions
35.5 millions
32.5 millions
High
Medium
Low
Keeping the trend.

Education:

1998
None
Elementary
High School
College
8.1 %
30.4 %
41.3 %
20.2 %

Illiterates: 1998 .... 8%.
Infant mortality has dropped from 118 in 1970 to 44 in 1998. 118 children per 1000 born.

Foreign debt:
28,893 millions of dollars.

Most important cities

Click Image

Lima

Arequipa

Cuzco

Lima
Arequipa
Cuzco


Created on July 13, 2000
Updated on January 7, 2001



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